The Hidden Dangers of Online Gaming

The Hidden Dangers of Online Gaming

One plausible solution to curb video game addiction in the United States, is the mandatory placing of warning labels on games. [x]

[xii] “Addiction?”, Online Gamers Anonymous

Numerous treatment centers are starting to develop programs that treat video game addicts. In 2004, Zhang Xiaoyi died after he jumped off of a 24-story building, re-enacting a scene from the online game “World of Warcraft”.[iii] In 2005, a 28-year-old South Korean man died of heart failure after playing the game “StarCraft” for 50 straight hours in a gaming café. I chose the topic because a friend was suffering from gaming addiction. Please watch out for your family, your spouse, your significant other and your friends. This can happen to anyone! Please spread the word and become familiar with the signs of gaming addiction.

In 2002, 21-year-old Shawn Woolley committed suicide while in front of his computer. Players are made to be felt inclusive and important by their gaming peers and then feel the need to further participate.

The New Addiction


Game design plays an enormous factor in online video gaming addiction. Many quests and adventures in MMORPGS need to be completed with the assistance of other players. [iv] An addicted gamer in Shanghai was convicted of murder after killing another gamer who borrowed and then sold a virtual object within an online role-playing game (RPG). Parents should be encouraged to involve their children in other activities like team sports or the arts. You were only able to sleep 3 hours since you went to bed at 4 am. [i]

[vi] “Video Game Addiction Among Adolescents: Associations with Academic Performance and Aggression”

Authors Note: I wrote this paper several years ago for a class. Not participating in social activities, calling into work sick, missing class, lying to friends and family to conceal gaming and neglecting relationships to play games, are serious symptoms of video gaming addiction. It’s now 8:01 am; you’re making so much progress, killing characters and gathering objects that you decide you really would rather game then go to work. [ii] Since her son’s death in 2002, Wooly has founded and maintained a website, Online Gamers Anonymous,, where gaming addicts and their friends and family can find support.


[i] Obsessed EverQuest Fan Found Guilty of Manslaughter

Psychologically, there are numerous causes for online video gaming addiction. This disease is as equally debilitating as an addiction to drugs or alcohol. [vi] These trends highlight the negative impact these programs have on society.

These cases represent the perils of extreme addiction to online gaming, however, there are dangers which are not as obvious. Physically, health problems can occur, including, carpal tunnel syndrome, eye strain, neck and back strain, seizures, headaches, insomnia, weight gain, weight loss and lack of sex drive. Public awareness should encourage members of society to be aware of the personal consequences of excessive gaming. The labels would be similar to those of tobacco products and would list physical as well as mental health risks associated with excessive gaming.

[ix] “Gaming Fanatics Show Hallmarks of Drug Addiction”, Alison Motluk,

Another solution would be a moral and ethical choice on the part of online game companies such as Blizzard, who developed the online games “World of Warcraft”, Diablo”, and “StarCraft”or, Sony Online Entertainment, who created the MMORPG “Star Wars Galaxies”. “Leveling up” of characters is another addictive aspect. Game addicts normally neglect daily tasks such as personal hygiene. The Online Gamers Anonymous website has adapted the 12-step plan, used by Alcoholics Anonymous, to a 12-step plan for video game addicts. Addictions can be triggered by both psychological and physiological reasons. The first aspect of game design that creates an addicting experience is personal time investment. A nationwide campaign via television, radio and internet that would alert parents, children, teenagers, and adults to the hazards of excessive gaming would prove useful. While game developers have the opportunity to limit how many hours gamers can spend playing their games, the industry enjoys a profit of over $1 billion per year. It is now 2:38 pm. The men were tested by a “drug memory” test, which is used to show how images trigger cravings in drug addicts.

The Chinese government plans to impose limits of how much time a person can spend playing an online game. You go back to your computer and continue to play. You’re scheduled to go in to work at 8:30.

[xiv] Effects listed were gathered from various accounts of addiction found on the Online Gamers Anonymous forum.

[xv] “Study: Video Game Use Leads To Addiction”,

The most realistic solution to combat gaming addiction, is to raise public awareness on the topic.

Addictions to Internet games, particularly massive multiplayer online role-play games (MMORPGS), have emerged as a threat to public health–a new epidemic. Abstaining from gaming can then become difficult; all of the previous time invested into game play may seem a waste. Players become too attached to their virtual personas after spending 30-40 hours per week, guiding the character through perils and triumphs. It becomes increasingly difficult to gain points, skills, and items, the more time that is spent in the game. [xi]

[xi] “Understanding MMORPG Addiction”, Nicholas Yee,

The physiological addiction of video gaming has been compared to that of drug or alcohol addiction. Financially, effects of addiction can include job loss, because of missed days of work, serious financial debt due to spending money on monthly gaming fees or gaming equipment, and even Bankruptcy.[xiv]

[vii]” 4 out of 10 Americans Play Video Games, According to Poll”, Michael Hoffman, Support can also be obtained through the Online Gamers Anonymous Website,, where virtual meetings in chat rooms, similar to those of Alcoholics Anonymous, take place. What meant to be an hour or two of gaming has yet again turned into another binge. An additional addictive aspect of game design is the social interaction between players. The website was created to offer support to women, and even men, who have “lost” loved ones to the world of online video gaming. The plan is to limit online gaming to three consecutive hours at a time; gamers would not have any incentive to play over 3 hours. Neutral images are shown to the drug addicts and result in no response.

This addiction seems to be most prevalent in adolescent boys. He did not leave a suicide note; rather, online game Everquest remained on the screen. Perhaps these programs need to have labels that warn of possible health consequences. Proper use of games requires the responsibility of the gamers and the marketers. “Vaccines” need to be administered to the public before gaming addiction takes an even larger toll on our society. Some areas in games such as “World of Warcraft” have “timesinks”. Sabine Grüsser, of the Cherité University Medicine Berlin, says, “It’s the same mechanism in all addicts.” Grüsser also claims that gaming eventually becomes the only activity in a gamer’s life that can increase dopamine levels and is a physiological explanation for the addiction. The clock next to your bed reads 7:04 am. There are many records/instances of divorce, job loss and failed academics. A study conducted by the Psychology department at Iowa State University suggested that gaming addiction is a larger problem with male adolescents. A glance at the clock on your computer desk brings you back to reality. Some symptoms of video game addiction include, the inability to predict the amount of time spent gaming and spending over 3-4 hours a day playing online games. With a $10-$15 monthly subscription fee, online game companies want to keep their subscribers as engrossed in the game as possible. Reuters

Dramatic examples of the gaming danger include the tragic death of a 9-month-old child. These locations within the game require many hours in one area to move on to the next quest, reward, or level. Consequently, addictions to these games have ruined lives as they disrupt family life, distract students, and compromise jobs. [xii]

You wake up groggy. Monthly subscription fees for online games are anywhere from $10-$15 per month, and the monthly income is the primary reason why the games are addictive in design. One case of addiction involved a man that wore adult diapers, so he wouldn’t have break away from his game.[xiii] Socially, many families and relationships have been destroyed because of the addiction of a person in the relationship. The site also offers tips on how addicts can quit and where they can find counseling offline. His priority was his game, and when he finally thought to check on his son after 24 hours, he found him lifeless. [ix] A scientific theory of addiction is that a person can become addicted to any activity that brings pleasure. [v]

[ii] “JS Online: Death of a Game Addict.”, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel

Online video game addicts experience a vast amount of symptoms, some more harmful than others, but all are a tragic effect of excessive gaming. Game developers hire psychologists to create game play aspects to keep their games addictive. In the video gaming addiction study, the same test was administered to the group of 15 gamers, but instead of using images that could trigger drug cravings, images were displayed from their favorite computer games. This is the life of an online video game addict.

[iii] Game Maker Sued Over Child’s Death, Iain Thomson

[v] “Asia Tackles Online Game Addiction”.

With rehab centers opening up across the world, the up and coming epidemic of online video gaming addiction is spreading fast. After the neutral images are shown, trigger images, such as a building where a drug had been taken, are presented to the drug addicts. Addicted gamers come to find the “game world” a place to create a new identity, a place to find friends anonymously, and more sadly, a place where they can fit in. Woolly attempted to sue game developer Sony Online for neglecting to place warning labels on their games. Those who fit into the group of video game addicts often have similar characteristics, including: depression, elevated stress levels, social anxiety, loneliness, , low self-esteem, and excessive boredom. After viewing the trigger images, drug addicts experience cravings for drug use. The study also reported that addicted adolescents were more likely to display aggressive behavior and do poorly in school. [xv] Spanning the globe, many other countries, especially Asia, where video gaming is prevalent within the culture, have opened up treatment centers for computer addiction. Oops. Addicts may experience a sense of euphoria while playing, and can experience desperation, depression, or other intense feelings when unable to play. [viii]

Although some video games provide benefits to society, when used as a tool to engage children in the classroom, or train soldiers on urban warfare, the positive impact of these programs are negated as soon as one considers the potential damages. The labels would be similar to the labels that law requires tobacco companies to place on their cigarettes. “Again?” he asks, “One more sick day from you, and I’m going to have to let you go!”. Pleasure, for video game addicts, comes in the form of gaming.

It is estimated that nearly 4 out of every 10 adults play video games,[vii] Why is it that some people can play games and not become addicted, while others feel the need to play for excessive amounts of time? Not everyone is at risk for addiction to video games. Many children can fall prey to addiction because there are not interesting activities to participate in.

[xvi] “China Imposes Online Gaming Curbs”, BBC

[iv] “Asia Tackles Online Game Addiction”. While admitting that her son had other psychiatric problems that may have led to his suicide, his mother, Elizabeth Woolley, still blamed the game for enhancing her son’s other mental problems. Psychologically, some experts say that video games can cause desensitization to violence, which can lead to displays of violent behavior. In the United States, Boston McLean Hospital and Harvard Medical School have clinics that are purely devoted to computer addiction. His only breaks were to use the bathroom and take quick naps. It may take only 10-15 minutes to “level-up” a character the first time, but by level 25, gamers can spend 20+ hours just to gain one level.

Many consequences stem from addiction to video games. Dopamine, a “feel good receptor” chemical in the brain, increases during times of pleasure. The men experienced cravings, as did the drug addicts, and experienced feelings of desperation to play the games. Although they pose no direct physical danger, they take a toll on the mental well being of players. Software developers should reveal the potential dangers associated with the games, like how the games have a possible addictive nature. Massive multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGS) are the ideal playground for people who suffer from poor self-esteem. [xvi] Since the United States of America is not a communistic country, game restrictions like China’s will not happen. Since you have about an hour before going in, you rush over to your computer and start playing EverQuest.

[viii] “JS Online: Death of a Game Addict.”, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel

[x] “Gaming Fanatics Show Hallmarks of Drug Addiction”, Alison Motluk

Another suicide includes of the death of a 13 year old. Today, Bragg is serving a fifteen-year term in prison, after he pleaded guilty to manslaughter. A study conducted by Cherité University Medicine Berlin tested 15 men in the same age group who admitted that gaming had taken over their lives. At the end of his life, Shawn Woolley continually clocked over 12 hours a day on his computer. In 2001, Tony Lamont Bragg placed his son in a closet, so he could play the game “Everquest”. You call your boss and tell him that you woke up very sick this morning. Dopamine levels are at their highest in a game addict’s brain during time spent gaming

Odds to Win 2013 NCAA Men’s Basketball Regionals

Gulf Coast


W. Kentucky


East Regional














West Regional




New Mexico


Ohio St.




Kansas St.






Notre Dame


Iowa St.


Wichita St.




Boise St.


La Salle








Southern U.


South Regional












North Carolina






San Diego St.








Northwestern St.


S. Dakota St.


Fla. State


















James Madison






Midwest Regional






Michigan St.


Saint Louis


Oklahoma St.










Colorado St.




Saint Mary’s


Middle Tenn.


New Mexico St.




Albany, N.Y.






Copyright 2013 World Features Syndicate, Inc.

Research and Markets: Forecasting in Financial and Sports Gambling Markets: Adaptive Drift Modeling Identifies Periods of Inefficiency and Develops Profitable Forecasting Models

Mallios, PhD, is a consultant at Mallios and Associates,

where he provides professional advisement to various financial, medical,

and educational institutions. Also, anyone

with a general interest in learning about how to profit from the

financial and sports gambling markets will find this book to be a

valuable resource.


1. Studies in Japanese Candlestick Charts.

6. Adaptive Modeling Concepts in Dynamic Markets.

5. Opacity and Present Day Variables.

4. A Fulbright Senior Specialist, Dr. Single Equation Adaptive Drift Modeling.

8. The book

uniquely identifies periods of inefficiency that these markets oscillate

through and develops profitable forecasting models that capitalize on

irrational behavior exhibited during these periods.

DUBLIN–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Research and Markets (

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For more information visit

Providing valuable insights based on the author’s firsthand experience,

this book utilizes simple, yet unique, candlestick charts to identify

optimal time periods in financial markets and optimal games in sports

gambling markets for which forecasting models are likely to provide

profitable trading and wagering outcomes. Market Perspectives: Through a Glass Darkly.

3. Financial/Mathematical Illiteracy and Adolescent Problem Gambling:

Epidemics More Damaging Than the 1918 Influenza Pandemic.

13. Categorical Forecasting.

12. Single Equation Modeling: Sports Gambling Markets.

9. Pseudo Candlestick Graphics for Major League Baseball.



Key Topics Covered:

A guide to modeling analyses for financial and sports gambling markets,

with a focus on major current events

Higher order ARMA processes in financial markets

The effects of gambling shocks in sports gambling markets

Cointegrated time series with model drift

Modeling volatility

Throughout the book, interesting real-world applications are presented,

and numerous graphical procedures illustrate favorable trading and

betting opportunities, which are accompanied by mathematical

developments in adaptive model forecasting and risk assessment. Mallios

served as professor of decision sciences at California State University,

Fresno, for more than twenty-five years and has provided consulting

services for government organizations, including the Food and Drug

Administration and Centers for Disease Control.

. A

related web site features updated reviews in sports and financial

forecasting and various links on the topic.

Forecasting in Financial and Sports Gambling Markets is an excellent

book for courses on financial economics and time series analysis at the

upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. Introduction.

2. The book is also a valuable

reference for researchers and practitioners working in the areas of

retail markets, quant funds, hedge funds, and time series. The Influenza Futures Markets.


List of Figures.

Addressing the highly competitive and risky environments of current-day

financial and sports gambling markets, Forecasting in Financial and

Sports Gambling Markets details the dynamic process of constructing

effective forecasting rules based on both graphical patterns and

adaptive drift modeling (ADM) of cointegrated time series. Featuring detailed examples

that utilize actual data, the book addresses various topics that promote

financial and mathematical literacy, including:

William S. Modeling Cointegrated Time Series Associated with NBA and NFL


11. Simultaneous Financial Time Series.


Gambling Blog Directory

A blog can also be called a weblog. This is a platform on the internet which can be used for various creative and productive tasks such as promoting your business, products and services. Don’t hurt anyone’s emotions with your comments and writing. Do not start promoting your products; however, you can start with simple and easy writing.

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With the advancements in technologies; internet has become the most important part of everyone’s life. A blog is an important part of online marketing and webmasters use them as tools for placing the web links.

If you are going to comment on someone else’s blogs, it is suggested to respect the opinions and views of others. On the blog, you can write your personal comments, views and share your opinions with others. While writing on your blog, you have to keep in mind that it must be updated regularly. It can be considered as an online diary or journal. With the help of Blogs, you can increase your friends and contacts as this is one of the best social networking platforms

Every one of us can easily have a blog and start writing content of our interests

Top 10 Pump Up Songs

When it comes to the music genre of pump up songs, there are no rules. And when it comes to the sources of motivation, listening to music can be one of the best methods to boost our self-confidence. Even players listen to pump up songs while practicing or before the matches, with an objective of boosting their stamina and energy levels.

Any song that inspires you can be a pump song. Enjoy the music!

We all need motivation to achieve our goals, to develop a positive attitude, and more importantly, to lead a happy and peaceful life. And with the help of these wonderful pump up tracks, you can certainly motivate yourself and boost your confidence level. Such songs that re-energize you are called pump up songs, because they pump up adrenaline levels. You can listen to these songs while traveling, while exercising, or whenever you need to feel active. Sia

? Stronger – Kanye West

? Houdini – Foster the People

? Fortune Days – The Glitch Mob

? Jambi – Tool

? Headstrong – Trapt

? Rolling in the Deep – Adele

? Moves Like Jagger – Maroon 5 featuring Christina Aguilera

? The Final Countdown – Europe

? 300 Violin Orchestra – Jorge Quintero

? New York – Jay Z featuring Alicia Keys

? Greyhound – SHM

? Riot – 3DG

Other Popular Pump Up Tracks

? Vertigo – U2

? Hysteria – Muse

? Wicked – Ice Cube

? Successful – Drake

? Prayer – Disturbed

? Black Betty – Ram Jam

? Bodies – Drowning Pool

? Let’s Go – Trick Daddy

? Temperature – Sean Paul

? Hit Me Up – Gia Farrell

? Back in Black – AC / DC

? We Will Rock You – Queen

? Basketball – Kurtis Blow

? Come With Me – Puff Daddy

? What Up Gangsta – 50 Cent

? Enter Sandman – Metallica

? Never Scared – Bone Crusher

? Shut Up And Drive – Rihanna

? Eye of the Tiger – Survivor

? Jump Around – House of Pain

? We Are the Champions – Queen

? The Pretender – Foo Fighters

? You Know Your Right – Nirvana

? Get Up, Stand Up – Bob Marley

? Pump It – The Black Eyed Peas

? Remember the Name – Fort Minor

? I Will Survive – Gloria Gaynor

? Go Insane – Lindsey Buckingham

? Icky Thump – The White Stripes

? Hit’em High – Space Jam (Movie)

? The Sky Is The Limit – Lil Wayne

? Smells like Teen Spirit – Nirvana

? If You’re Out There – John Legend

? I Hope You Dance – Lee Ann Womack

? A Born Storyteller – Mary Stewart

? Many Rivers to Cross – Jimmy Cliff

? With My Own Two Hands – Ben Harper

? Can’t See Yall – Ace Hood & Brisco

? Down with the Sickness – Disturbed

? Basketball Jones – Cheech and Chong

? Time to Play the Game – Drowning Pool

? This is The Moment – The Moody Blues

? Snake Devil – Scary Kids Scaring Kids

? Let’s Get It Started – Black Eyed Peas

? Five Finger Death Punch – White Knuckles

?Bulls on Parade – Rage Against the Machine

? Till I Collapse – Eminem featuring Nate Dogg

? All These Things That I’ve Done – The Killers

? When You Believe – Mariah Carey & Whitney Houston

? Everybody’s Free (To Wear Sunscreen) – Baz Luhrmann

? Killing in the Name – Rage Against The Machine . It can be hip hop, rock, or rap. Music has an instant and intense effect on our minds. Here you’ll find a list of the best pump up songs …

Top 10 Pump Up Songs Ever

? Lose Yourself – Eminem

? Titanium – David Guetta feat

Sports betting

The NCAA has threatened to ban all playoff games in Delaware if the state allows betting on college sports.[6] New Jersey, which is also interested, has been similarly threatened.[7]

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sports betting is the activity of predicting sports results and placing a wager on the outcome. This bet is placed only at halftime of a particular sporting event. Only Rose has yet to be reinstated.

Corruption in tennis has been long considered as issue.[22] In 2011, the former world No. For example, a bettor could include four different wagers in a four-team parlay, whereby he is wagering that all four bets will win. US odds of 100 are an even bet.

Media related to Sports betting at Wikimedia Commons

In 1919, the Chicago White Sox faced the Cincinnati Reds in the World Series. The Federal Wire Act of 1961 was an attempt by the US government to prevent illegal bookmaking.[1] However, this Act does not apply to other types of online gambling.[2] The Supreme Court has not ruled on the meaning of the Federal Wire Act as it pertains to online gambling.

Supporter Culture

Types of Supporter





North American sports


Wagebrokers both legal and illegal make a profit by taking a percentage of all money bet, called a vigorish (vig), juice, rake, or action. My Prison Without Bars St. Such a bet must be made before the season starts in September, and winning bets will not pay off until the conclusion of the Super Bowl in January or February (although many of the losing bets will be clear well before then and can be closed out by the book). All eight players were banned from playing professional baseball for the rest of their lives.[19]Pete Rose, the all-time MLB leader in hits, was similarly banned from baseball in 1989 for betting on games while he was a MLB manager.

Associated activities

External links



Crowd abuse

Pitch invasion



Association football culture

Australian rules football culture


Betting on the Favorite, an 1870 engraving published in Harper’s Weekly

Stadium anthem

Football chant

Fight song

Bookmakers usually hold an 11-10 advantage over their customers–for small wagers it is closer to a 6-5 advantage–so the bookmaker will most likely survive over the long term. To determine who wins against the spread, the line is either added or subtracted from a team’s final score. The spread, or line, is a number assigned by the bookmakers which handicaps one team and favors another. The frequency of sports bet upon varies by culture, with the vast majority of bets being placed on Association Football (Soccer), American Football, Basketball, Baseball, Hockey, Mixed Martial Arts, and Boxing at both the amateur and professional levels. Retrieved May 27, 2012.

^ Rob Tornoe, for NewsWorks (17 August 2012). However, in a progressive parlay, unlike a regular parlay, a reduced payout will still be made even should some of the bets lose.

Teasers. Sports betting can also extend to non-athletic events, such as reality show contests and political elections, and non-human contests such as Horse Racing, Greyhound Racing and illegal, underground Dog Fighting.

In areas where sports betting is illegal, bettors usually make their sports wagers with illicit bookmakers (known colloquially as “bookies”) and on the Internet, where thousands of online bookmakers accept wagers on sporting events around the world. One example are Formula One races, where you bet on two or three drivers and their placement among the others. Dr. The line read: Miami -3, Oklahoma City +3. Expected Values and variance in bookmaker payouts: A Theoretical Approach towards setting limits on odds. are far less likely to vote than other voters… If the player’s first selection complies with the condition (clause), then the second selection will have action; if the second selection complies with the condition, then the third selection will have action and so on.

Run line, puck line, or goal line bets. The bookmaker accepts both wagers, and maintains a spread (the vigorish) which will ensure a profit regardless of the outcome of the wager. The National Law Review. US format odds are the amount won on a 100 stake when positive and the stake needed to win 100 when negative. This is similar to parimutuel wagering in horse racing and dog racing.

2nd half bets. Retrieved 22 June 2013.

^ “How Hansie Cronje became most infamous villain in cricket’s fixing scandals”. Half of New Jersey voters (52%) said that they approved the idea of legalizing sports betting at Atlantic City casinos and racetracks, 31% opposed it. Results showed that nearly half (45%) of voters wanted to allow sports betting, while (38%) decided to wait and allow sports betting once Congress allows it. The many types of bets include:


Sportsbetting has resulted in a number of scandals in sport, such as the 1919 World Series, the alleged (and later admitted) illegal gambling of former MLB player Pete Rose, and former NBA referee Tim Donaghy, effecting the integrity of sports events through various acts including “point shaving” (players effecting the score by missing shots), bad calls from officials at key moments, and overall match fixing (“the fix is in”).


The bookmaker functions as a market maker for sports wagers, most of which have a binary outcome: a team either wins or loses. Illegal bookies, due to the nature of their business, can operate literally anywhere but only require money from losing bettors, creating the possibility of debt to the bookie from the bettor. On the other hand, the CEO of the International Cricket Council believe sports betting, in particular in India, should be legalized to curb illegal bookies where match fixing has occurred from nontransparent bookmakers. Woolley, professor of political science and director of the poll commented on the findings, “Gambling has become, for good or ill, a national industry, and you can bet that politicians and casinos all over the country are closely following New Jersey’s plans.”[8] In a different study released by FDU’s PublicMind in October 2011, results showed that New Jersey voters thought legalizing sports betting in New Jersey was a good idea. In general, most sportsbooks will prefer this type of wager due to the low win-probability, and also the longer period of time in which the house holds the player’s money while the bet is pending.

Head-to-Head. A 2nd half (Second half) bet is also sometimes called a halftime bet. 9.

^ “Sports Betting”. They are the ratio of the amount won to the stake – the solidus “/” is pronounced “to” for example 7/1 “seven to one”. Opinion divided, but majority give the state the green light to allow sports betting in defiance of federal law (press release)

^ Fairleigh Dickinson University PublicMind Poll “US Public: Keep Las Vegas in Las Vegas” press release (March 2010)

^ Shriver, Roger. As always, a lot depends on who actually shows up to vote.”[10] In February 2011 FDU’s PublicMind released a poll which showed that half (55%) of voters agreed “that people bet on sports games anyway, so government should allow it and tax it.” On the other hand, approximately (37%) of New Jersey voters concurred that betting on sports is “a bad idea because it promotes too much gambling and can corrupt sports.” Again, by a significant margin (70%-26%) that voters who already engage in sports betting in office pools tend to be more supportive of legal sports betting than other voters.[11] Donald Hoover, FDU professor in International School of Hospitality and Tourism Management and former casino executive commented on the results; “Betting on sports is not an uncommon practice for many New Jerseyans, but for the most part, the state doesn’t supervise it, doesn’t tax it and doesn’t take any revenue from it.”[12] In 2010 a national poll, results showed that voters opposed sports betting in all states by a margin of 53-39. “Sport” Sullivan was an American bookmaker and gambler from Boston, Massachusetts who helped to initiate the 1919 Black Sox Scandal.

On December 7, 1980 the San Francisco 49ers overcame a halftime deficit of 28 points in what became the greatest regular season comeback victory in NFL regular season history. 12 June 2013. The bettor can adjust the point spreads for the two games, but must get all the games correct to win and recognizes a lower return in comparison to parlays.

If bets. Although the common stereotype is that these bookies were of Italian descent, many leading bookies were of eastern European ancestry.[3]

Interestingly for New Jersey, in a national poll released in December 2011, Fairleigh Dickinson University’s PublicMind asked voters whether they “support or oppose changing the federal law to allow sports betting” in their respective states. As the story goes, professional gambler Joseph Sullivan paid eight members of the White Sox (The players involved were Oscar Felsch, Arnold Gandil, Shoeless Joe Jackson, Fred McMullin, Charles Risberg, George Weaver, and Claude Williams) around 10,000 dollars each to fix the World Series. Krista Jenkins, director of the poll commented; “Although support is not overwhelming, these numbers suggest the public is cautiously behind the goal of moving forward with legalized sports betting.”[16]

Baseball uniform

Casuals Fashion

Hockey jersey

Football Kit




Hong Kong



Implied probability







1 in 1.5 = 67%


Evs (1/1)





1 in 2 = 50%







1 in 2.5 = 40%







1 in 3 = 33%

Conversion formulas



Do this



x-1, then convert to fraction



100*(x-1) if x>2; -100/(x-1) if x<2



divide fraction, then x+1



divide fraction, then 100*x if x>=1; -100/x if x<1



(x/100)+1 if x>0; (-100/x)+1 if x<0



x/100, if x>0; -100/x, if x<0


Hong Kong


Hong Kong


x if x>=1; (1/x)*-1 if x<1

Hong Kong


x if x<=1; (1/x)*-1 if x>1

Famous betting scandals

2 Bookmaking

3 Odds

4 Legality

5 Famous betting scandals

6 See also

7 Sources

8 Notes

9 External links




Sports betting

Sports tourism


The majority of legal sportsbooks are found online, operated over the internet from jurisdictions separate from the clients they serve, usually to get around various gambling laws (such as the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of 2006 in the United States) in select markets, such as Las Vegas, Nevada, or on gambling cruises through self-serve kiosks.

^ Fifth Circuit ruling – PDF file

^ (Davies, 2001)

^ Cortis, Dominic (2015). However, voters who already live in households where family members (including themselves) engage in sports betting had a strongly favored legalization of sports betting (71%-23%), while voters in households where sports betting is not an activity, opposed legalization (46%-36%). While all sports wagers are by definition on future events, bets listed as “futures” generally have a long-term horizon measured in weeks or months; for example, a bet that a certain NFL team will win the Super Bowl for the upcoming season. Successful bookmakers must be able to withstand a large short term loss. In 2004 and 2006, Koellerer was banned for six months due to his bad behavior. In addition, on August 2010, he facilitated betting by placing odds for matches and had links for placing bets.[23]

Many of the leading gambling bookmakers from the 1930s to the 1960s got their start during the prohibition era of the 1920s. Sometimes you can also bet a “tie”, in which one or both drivers either have the same time, drop out, or get disqualified.


Sports bettors place their wagers either legally, through a bookmaker/sportsbook, or illegally through privately run enterprises referred to as “bookies”. A progressive parlay involves multiple bets (usually up to 12) and rewards successful bettors with a large payout, though not as large as normal parlays. The favoured team pays lower odds than does the underdog.

Spread betting are wagers that are made against the spread. “Sports News”. For example: If the bookmakers return percentage is 90%, 90% of the amount placed on the winning result will be given back to bettors and 10% goes to the bookmaker. UK format (fractional odds) are used by British bookmakers. “NFL and ICC’s Stance on Betting”.

^ Finley, 2008

^ “Famous Cricket Spot-Fixing and Betting Scandals”. To attempt to make wagering on the underdog desirable, the bookmaker will give them points. 31 May 2011. Odds for such a bet generally are expressed in a ratio of units paid to unit wagered. Sports Scandals Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press ISBN 978-0-313-34458-9

Boyd, Kier (1981). A Nation of Bettors? (press release)

^ Fairleigh Dickinson University’s PublicMind, (October 10, 2011). The resulting bet that is placed is won or lost only on the points scored by both teams in the second half only.

In-play betting. Sports Betting, Sure Thing; Internet Betting, Nyet! (press release)

^ Fairleigh Dickinson University’s PublicMind, (April 20, 2009). They were often descendants of the influx of immigrants coming into the USA at this time. Retrieved 22 June 2013.

^ “No sport easier to fix than tennis”. According to the Telegraph in 2010, Cronje was paid off a total of £65,000 from Gupta.[21]

A 1906 betting scandal between the Massillon Tigers and Canton Bulldogs, two of the top teams in professional American football in the early 1900s, led to the demise of “big-money” professional football for several years. They are the ratio of the full payout to the stake, in a decimal format. In-play betting is a feature offered by some online sports books that enables bettors to place new bets while a sporting event is in progress.


Main article: Bookmaker

The Cronje Affair was an India-South Africa Cricket match fixing scandal that went public in 2000.[20] It began in 1996 when the-then captain of the South African national cricket team, Hansie Cronje, was convinced by Mukesh “John” Gupta, an Indian bookmaker, to throw a match during a Test in Kanpur, India. Rosenthal was able to retain these winnings despite the final outcome of the game due to gambling regulations previously established by the NAGRA.

Fan loyalty

Philosophy of sport

Racism in sport

Spectator sport

Sports fan

Sports rivalry

^ “18 USC Ch. American Gaming Association.

^ ABC News. For him to win his bet, Miami would have to win the game by 4 points or more. Retrieved 20 October 2014.

Barra brava


Hooligan firm


Supporters’ trust


Torcedor organizado


Arbitrage betting

Betting pool

Financial betting

Friendly political wager

Parimutuel betting

Point shaving

Sports betting systems

Statistical association football predictions

Types of bets

See also: Glossary of bets offered by UK bookmakers

United States of America

In the United States of America, it is illegal to operate a betting scheme, except in Nevada, Oregon, Delaware, and Montana.[5] In many European nations, bookmaking (the profession of accepting sports wagers) is regulated but not criminalized. European format (decimal odds) are used in continental Europe, Canada, and Australia. Legal sportsbooks take vigorish from bettors of both teams, paying a winning bettor a little under 2/1 in an even contest. 55 Austrian tennis player, Daniel Koellerer, became the first tennis player to be banned for life for attempting to fix matches. 26 May 2010. In addition, there was a significant gender split: a majority of men approved of the idea by a wide margin (65-21), while only 39% of women approved and 41% opposed.[9] The October results were stable, reflecting an earlier poll in April 2011 where New Jersey voters approved the legalization of sports betting in the state by a margin of 53%-30%. Gambling in America–An Encyclopedia of History, Issues, and Society Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO ISBN 1-57607-159-6


Retrieved from “″

Other. “Sports betting should be legal in the Garden State”. Gambling Technology Washington, DC: FBI Laboratory

Rose, Pete (2004). Just as many voters approved (42%) as opposed (42%) allowing sports betting. These bets feature a fixed point spread that (usually) offers a higher payout for the favorite and a lower payout for the underdog (both in comparison to the moneyline).

Future wagers. It must also be noted that both bookmakers use other methods to increase profits by enticing bettors with greater winnings at higher risk to the bettor (teasers, parlays, adjusting point spreads, etc.).

General topics

Sports memorabilia


See also

Many on-line tools also exist for automated conversion between these odds formats.

Odds for different outcomes in single bet are presented either in European format (decimal odds), UK format (fractional odds), or American format (moneyline odds). Age proved to be a divide: Voters between the ages 18-34 were more likely to approve of sports betting than older voters. By the beginning of the third quarter, notorious Vegas bookmaker Frank Rosenthal received forfeiture notices from 246 San Francisco bettors totaling more than $25,000 in premature winnings. Examples include predicting the number of goals each team scores in a handball match, betting whether a player will score in a football game, or wagering that a baseball player on one team will accumulate more hits than another player on the opposing team.

Parlays involve multiple bets (usually up to 12) and will reward a successful bettor with a large payout. ABC News.


^ a b Fairleigh Dickinson University’s PublicMind, (December 19, 2011). In the above example, if the bettor chose Miami, he would subtract 3 points from Miami’s final score and compare that to Oklahoma City’s final score. These are wagers offered as alternatives to straight-up/moneyline prices in baseball, hockey, or soccer, respectively. In totalizators (sometimes called flexible-rate bets) the odds are changing in real-time according to the share of total exchange each of the possible outcomes have received taking into account the return rate of the bookmaker offering the bet. Modern research has suggested that the claims of betting were unsubstantiated.

In setting Odds, the bookmaker is subject to a number of limitations:[4]

In Asian betting markets, other frequently used formats for expressing odds include Hong Kong, Malaysian, and Indonesian-style odds formats. If any of the four bets fails to cover, the bettor loses the parlay, but if all four bets win, the bettor receives a substantially higher payout (usually 10-1 in the case of a four-teamer) than if he made the four wagers separately.

Progressive parlays. This is the most common type of bet in sports.

Proposition bets are wagers made on a very specific outcome of a match. This creates a number of other criminal elements, thus furthering their illegality.

The probability implied by the odds should be greater than the true probability for each possible outcome to guarantee positive expected profit.

If the wagers on each outcome are made in ratio to the implied odds, then the bookmaker is guaranteed a profit (balanced book).



1 Types of bets

1.1 United States of America

Collegiate sport rituals


Kiss cam

Surf culture

Tailgate party

The rule against gambling in baseball is known as “Rule 21,” which is publicly posted on dugout walls and states: “Any player, umpire, or club or league official or employee, who shall bet any sum whatsoever on any baseball game in connection with which the bettor has a duty to perform shall be declared permanently ineligible.” People permanently banned from Major League Baseball are also forever banned from entry into the Baseball Hall of Fame, although most such people have been reinstated a few years later by a later Commissioner of Baseball. (Boyd, 1981)

Sporting man culture

Sports mascots

Sports-related curses

Terrace (stadium)

Joseph J. This series would go down as one of the biggest sports scandals of all time. Before game 5 of the 2012 NBA Finals, the Miami Heat were expected to beat the Oklahoma City Thunder. “N.J. A teaser allows the bettor to combine his bets on two or more different games. Naturally the more money bet on a certain result, the smaller the odds on that outcome become. The PublicMind’s 2010 national survey found that 67% of Americans did not support the legalization of Internet betting websites in the United States whereas 21% said they would support legalization.[17] The National Football League is fully against any sort of legalization of sports betting, strongly protesting it as to not bring corruption into the game. Many of the illegal proceeds also allegedly go to fund terror, drugs and other illegal activities.[18]

Event programme


Supporter scarf


Barmy Army

Beer wench

Beer snake



Davies, Richard (2001). Woolley commented: “But…younger voters… The term book is a reference to the books used by wagebrokers to track wagers, payouts, and debts.

Cultures by sport

In 2012, despite federal law preventions, the state legislature of New Jersey and Governor Chris Christie signed a law that would allow sports betting to take place in New Jersey race tracks and Atlantic City casinos.[15] In August 2012, Fairleigh Dickinson University’s PublicMind conducted a study on the issue. Illegal bookies, however, pay the winning bettor even money while making the losing bettor pay the vigorish exclusively. 1. NJ Voters Favor Sports Betting, but not Tax Credits for Meadowlands Developer (press release)

^ Fairleigh Dickinson University’s PublicMind, (April 18, 2011) Odds Favor NJ Referendum on Sports Betting (press release)

^ Fairleigh Dickinson University’s PublicMind, (February 21, 2011). However, nearly two-thirds (66%) of voters were not aware of the upcoming statewide referendum on the issue. Voters were asked whether New Jersey should allow sports betting even if federal law prevents it from doing so, or wait to allow sports betting until federal law permits it. Betting the Line Columbus, Ohio: The Ohio State University Press ISBN 0-8142-0880-0

Finley, Peter (2008). Peter J. Legalized Sports Betting in New Jersey

^ Fairleigh Dickinson University’s PublicMind, (March 11, 2010). US Public: Keep Las Vegas in Las Vegas (press release)

^ Coffey, Sarah (May 25, 2012). The team wagered upon might be 50-1 to win the Super Bowl, which means that the bet will pay 50 times the amount wagered if the team does so. Odds are also quite often expressed in terms of implied probability, which corresponds to the probability with which the event in question would need to occur for the bet to be a break-even proposition (on the average).

Aside from simple wagers (for example, betting a friend $20 that one’s favorite baseball team will win its division), sports betting is commonly performed through a bookmaker (bookie) or through various online Internet outlets. For example, in the NBA, when two teams play each other, one is perceived as being more likely to win. Moves Towards Legal Sports Betting This Fall, in Time for NFL Season”. They take bets “up-front”, meaning the bettor must pay the sportsbook before placing the bet. Decimal odds of 2.00 are an even bet. The violations were outstanding between October 2009 and July 2010 after The Tennis Integrity Units had launched an investigation on behalf of the International Tennis Federation and the ATP and WTA tours. Woolley commented on the results: “If some states allow sports betting and profit by it, other states will want to follow.”[13] Yet by December 2011 after NJ passed its sports betting referendum the national measure shifted to 42-42.[8] In January 2012, New Jersey Governor Chris Christie signed legislation allowing sports betting in New Jersey after it was approved in a nonbinding voter referendum in 2011 and he announced on May 24, 2012 that he plans to go ahead and set up a system of wagering at the state’s racetracks and casinos this fall, before the National Football League season ends.[14]

Moneyline bets do not have a spread or handicap. Fractional odds of 1/1 are an even bet. This bet can be placed on the spread(Line) or over/under. The scheme was discovered when Delhi police recorded illegal dealings between Indian bookmaker Sanjay Chawla and Cronje. 50: GAMBLING”. Martin’s Press ISBN 1-57954-927-6

Thompson, William (2001). In these bets, bettor predicts competitors results against each other and not on the overall result of the event. Journal of Prediction Markets. (For instance, Mickey Mantle and Willie Mays were both banned from baseball in 1983 after taking jobs as casino greeters (which would have expelled them from the Hall of Fame had it been allowed to stand); they were reinstated two years later. 19 June 2014. An if bet consists of at least two straight bets joined together by an if clause which determines the wager process. Retrieved 7 November 2014.

^ “Daniel Koellerer banned for life”.

^ Fairleigh Dickinson University’s PublicMind, (August 21, 2012)

How to Bet the Kentucky Derby: A Beginner’s Guide

Here’s a quick guide:

Exacta: You pick the two horses you think will come in first and second, in that order.

Trifecta: Pick the three horses you think will come in first, second, and third – in the right order.

Superfecta: You guessed it. It looks something like this: Vicar’s In Trouble (20-1).

Horses with a high first number (like 20-1 or 50-1) are considered unlikely to win the race. Conversely, betting on a horse with bad odds will pay out a lot of money if they do win. Like it’s name implies, the superfecta pays out big bucks if you manage to get it right.

Now it’s off to the races. Good luck racing fans!

You’ve got your mint julep and your fancy hat ready for the Kentucky Derby, but are you ready to place your bet on the horse you think will win?. If you’re in it for the thrill of victory alone (and not the money), he’s a good bet.

Betting on Your Picks: “I’ll take $2 to win on the four horse, please.”

In horse racing, you need to bet on what place the horse will come in. Horses with lower first number (10 and down) are considered top contenders.

Betting on a horse with good odds will not pay out much money if they win. If you’re not going to be in Louisville for the big day, you can head to your local racetrack or off-track betting outlet and place a bet there.

Picking a Horse

There are 20 horses in the field for the Kentucky Derby, though as of now only 19 will be running Saturday (#11 Hopportunity was “scratched.”) All the horses are 3-year-old male thoroughbreds, which means they’re young horses with lots of talent that is still developing and not a ton of experience.

Many casual bettors will pick a horse based on name or looks, but there are better ways to judge the odds for whether a horse has a shot at winning. You’re trying to hit the sweet spot: a horse with okay odds who you think has a shot at winning.

The favorite going into this weekend is California Chrome, with 5-2 odds. Say, “I’ll bet $2 on (horse’s name or number) to win.”

If you’re done with the beginner stage of betting, you can up your odds of winning by doing more complicated bets that yield bigger payouts: exactas, trifectas, and superfectas. The words “first, second, and third,” are replaced by “win, place, and show.” If you think your horse is pretty good but not going to come in first, you can bet that he will “place,” — that is, come in first or second. Or you can bet that he will “show,” — that is, come in first, second, or third. You can place your bet anytime up until about 20 minutes before the race goes off at 6:24 p.m. Each horse will have a record of recent races he’s run, what place he finished, and how far ahead of the other horses he was. He’s dominated all the races he’s run so far and all eyes will be on him. Give that a good look to see who’s done well recently.

Look for a horse that has won most of his races by a good length. A horse that goes into the race with 50-1 odds but comes in first place will pay out the most money to the bettor. The Kentucky Derby is one and a quarter miles long, longer than any race these horses have run before, so the winner will need stamina.

Odds and Favorites

When you look at a race form there will be a number in parentheses after each horse’s name. Therefore, betting on him won’t yield a big payout.

Like all sports, horse racing has its own language that can be confusing to casual watchers. For a superfecta you pick the top four finishers in the right order. If your horse comes in any of those positions, you’ll get money.

If you’re sure you’ve got the winner and you only want to place a simple bet for him to come in first, go ahead and bet your money that way. Saturday. What’s a superfecta anyway, and how do you bet one?

Here’s our guide to making sense of the Run for the Roses. That number shows what the odds are that the horse will win

Sports News | Fox News

(AP) Alabama basketball coach Avery Johnson has donated a truckload of supplies to help flood victims in Louisiana.

Louisville AD: School is waiting on NCAA investigation

LOUISVILLE, Ky. (AP) Louisville athletic director Tom Jurich says his department has to ”just wait” while the NCAA investigates an escort’s book allegations that …

Tennessee athletic director Dave Hart to retire in June 2017

KNOXVILLE, Tenn. (AP) Tennessee athletic director Dave Hart is retiring effective June 30.

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INDIANAPOLIS (AP) Joel Cornette, who helped Butler make the transition from a traditional mid-major program into a surprising power in college basketball, died Tuesday in a Chicago apartment….

Alabama coach Avery Johnson gives supplies to flood victims

TUSCALOOSA, Ala. (AP) East Tennessee State has dismissed guard Shemar Johnson from its basketball team.

Tennessee athletic director Dave Hart announces retirement

KNOXVILLE, Tenn. (AP) Tennessee athletic director Dave Hart will retire next summer after a tumultuous tenure that included consolidation of the men’s and women’s athletic …

East Tennessee State dismisses Shemar Johnson from team


New Jersey sports betting law struck down by U.S. appeals court | Reuters

Circuit Court of Appeals in Philadelphia said the 2014 law allowing sports betting at casinos and racetracks violated the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act, a 1992 federal law prohibiting the practice in all states other than Nevada, Delaware, Montana and Oregon.

Nevada bookmakers made $231.8 million on sports betting in 2015, the state has said.

New Jersey argued that its law amounted to only a “partial repeal” of its prohibitions on sports betting, did not “license or authorize by law” such betting, and could help curb the “thriving” black market in the practice.. “It’s just wrong for Congress to deny New Jersey what the state of Nevada has.”

The 3rd U.S.

Rendell acknowledged the law’s “salutary purpose” in trying to revive those troubled industries, but said PASPA does not unconstitutionally “commandeer” the state.

New Jersey’s law banned wagers on state college teams and limited bets to people age 21 and older at casinos and racetracks.

It is also a victory for Major League Baseball, the National Basketball Association, the National Football League, the National Hockey League and the National Collegiate Athletic Association, which opposed New Jersey’s laws.

Reflecting the stakes, two former U.S. Governor of the State of New Jersey et al, 3rd U.S. The American Gaming Association, an industry trade group, wants PASPA repealed.

One dissenting judge thought the 2014 law permissible despite PASPA. solicitors general were on opposite sides of the case, with Paul Clement arguing for the sports organizations and Theodore Olson representing New Jersey.

The sports organizations, backed by the U.S. government, called the law “yet another attempt” to allow sports betting “only under the conditions of the state’s choosing.”

A federal appeals court on Tuesday said New Jersey cannot legalize sports betting, in a big defeat for supporters of the years-long effort to allow such wagers in the state.

“We do have two judges dissenting,” Lesniak said, “and we certainly will take a shot at the Supreme Court.”

(Reporting by Jonathan Stempel in New York; Editing by Lisa Von Ahn and Tom Brown)

The 10-2 decision is a defeat for Republican Governor Chris Christie, who has seen courts void two state laws, including one in 2012, designed to raise revenue through sports betting.

“We were relying on having sports betting to give a big boost to our ailing Atlantic City casinos and our suffering racetracks,” state Senator Raymond Lesniak, a Democrat from Elizabeth who sponsored the 2014 law and a 2011 voter referendum allowing sports betting, said in an interview. 14-4546, 14-4568, 14-4569.

“We are reviewing the opinion and considering our options,” said Paul Loriquet, a spokesman for state Attorney General Christopher Porrino.

Clement was not immediately available for comment.

“Because PASPA, by its terms, prohibits states from authorizing by law sports gambling, and because the 2014 law does exactly that, the 2014 law violates federal law,” Circuit Judge Marjorie Rendell wrote. Circuit Court of Appeals, Nos. The other thought PASPA was unconstitutional because it violated state sovereignty.

The case is National Collegiate Athletic Association et al v

Artificial intelligence: Key to ​Kentucky Derby betting?

In a recent 60 Minutes/Vanity Fair poll, more than half of Americans (53 percent) called society’s quest to advance the field of artificial intelligence “important.”

1. How does the system work? According to the company, the technology is built on a closed-loop system inspired by the insect swarm found in nature. Gun Runner

4. The participants then used UNU to predict the winning order — and it turned out to be 100 percent correct. For comparison, none of the experts at Churchill Downs predicted the top four horses, let alone the top four horses in the correct order.

The artificial intelligence company Unanimous tested its new software platform, UNU, on last weekend’s Kentucky Derby, as reported by TechRepublic. .

In a statement, Unanimous’ chief information officer David Baltaxe said the whole process took the company’s AI tool 20 minutes.

2. Twenty participants, convened by the company, first used the software to narrow the field of 20 horses down to four top picks. Nyquist

“I placed my $1 bet on the race at the Derby on Saturday and made $542.10 — the odds of winning the superfecta [the top 4 finishers in order] were 540-1,” TechRepublic reporter Hope Reese wrote. The idea is that “many minds are better than one,” therefore the act of pooling individual insights gives groups a better chance of reaching optimal decisions.

© 2016 CBS Interactive Inc.

Although several prominent industry leaders remain wary of artificial intelligence, and a recent high-profile experiment with it went awry, the technology could revolutionize everything from smartphones to automobiles. Mohaymen

You probably didn’t consider basing your Kentucky Derby bets on artificial intelligence — but maybe you should have. All Rights Reserved. Exaggerator